The archaeological excavation began when a large, round carving of the Aztec moon goddess, Coyolxauhqui, was discovered beneath a Mexico City street. For many years Coyolxauhqui was the star attractiion, and the museum was built around the carving, with upper story balconies from which visitors could better view it.
The stone disc of the moon goddess is nearly eleven feet in diameter.
It is best viewed from above.
The excavations continue to the present day, and new finds are being uncovered. The moon goddess has now taken a back seat to a carving which was discovered in 2006 and moved into the museum in 2010. The image of the earth goddess, Tlaltecuhtli, measures more than 13 by 11 feet. It is the largest Aztec monument... bigger than Coyolxauhqui, and even bigger than the famous Aztec calendar stone. The stone still contains traces of the original paints.
This is what the carving would have looked like when it was painted.
The size of the carving is best appreciated from above.
The halls of the museum are filled with many other interesting objects. Here is a sampling of a few of them...
A human skull incrusted with decorations. Locks of hair may have been placed in the holes on the top of the skull.
A polished stone mask and ear jewelry
A polychrome ceramic vessel with the image of the goddess of ripe corn
An impressive life-size ceramic sculpture of an Eagle Warrior.
The Eagle Warriors were members of an elite military order, and wore an eagle uniform.
Remnants of stucco emulate the feathers which covered their uniform.
This truly scary, life-size, ceramic figure portrays the God of Death.